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CBD 101 Series: Where Does CBD Come From?

Curious about where CBD comes from? Welcome to Caliva’s CBD 101 Series!

You’ve probably noticed CBD’s (mostly) recent appearance in many different markets -- from beauty bloggers, wellness experts, and even fitness gurus--all touting the strengths of adding CBD to your routine. With all the information that’s flying around, it’s easy to get a little overwhelmed, especially if you’re interested in using CBD, but aren’t sure if it’s worth a go. Well, look no further, because CalivaCBD has started this CBD 101 Series to clear up any confusion you may have, and answer any questions regarding how you can enjoy this cannabinoid. First up in this series: where does CBD come from?

 

All Hype Aside, What Exactly is CBD?

Getting familiar with CBD

You may already have a general knowledge of CBD--that it is the other important cannabinoid present in cannabis, and the one that doesn’t get you high (that’s reserved for THC!). But when you go a little deeper, you’ll find that this is not the only difference between the two cannabinoids. CBD (cannabidiol) can be derived from the hemp plant, but it can also be extracted from the THC-dominant marijuana plant. At Caliva, we strive to offer only hemp-derived CBD products, because hemp plants offer us higher amounts of CBD. Although CBD is present in cannabis plants, it is in smaller amounts, and comes in second behind the psychoactive THC.

CBD oil drops container laying amongst cannabis leaves.

Why should you use CBD? Well, it depends on what results you’re looking for. CBD is something you can take at any time of day, from sunup to sun down. You’ll find that there are many reasons people like to include this cannabinoid in their lifestyle--some might use it to promote calmness, others to help with soreness, while still others are looking for restful sleep. CBD is also perfect for when you just want to unwind and relax after a long day. 

How does CBD work in your body?

As a cannabinoid, CBD works specifically with your body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS), which is an internal biological system known to have an impact on several important bodily processes such as appetite, sleep, mood, inflammation, pain sensation, and memory. Your ECS is always working to keep your body at homeostasis--to keep you feeling your best and operating at optimum levels. There are three major parts to the ECS including:

  • Receptors. These are the parts that bind with the cannabinoids, such as CBD and your own endocannabinoids, in a lock and key fashion and work to keep your body in balance. The two main receptors are CB1, which are mostly located in the central nervous system, and CB2, which are in the peripheral nervous system.
  • Enzymes. Components that can break down endocannabinoids/cannabinoids so that they can bind with receptors.
  • Endocannabinoids. Cannabinoids that are produced internally in your own body to help keep systems running smoothly. 
  •  

    To sum up, CBD is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that is derived mostly from hemp plants. It works in tandem with your ECS to help keep your body working properly, and help you feel your best. We think that’s a win for both mind and body.

     

    All CBD Extracts are not the Same

    Did you know that CBD is sourced in a variety of ways?

    So it looks like CBD is capable of helping to soothe both your mind and body, not to mention restore its natural balance--which is a definite plus. But are all CBD items that you come across the same? And how do you know which kind would work best for you? Before we take a look at the different ways CBD is extracted, it’s helpful to understand that CBD doesn’t work isolated and alone--it works even better when it shows up with friends! And by friends we mean it often takes advantage of the entourage effect. This effect encourages and promotes the natural synergy that CBD has with certain terpenes. Terpenes are compounds found in hemp (and cannabis) that can influence your experience, based on their aroma and composition.

    For example, a CBD oil that works with limonene terpenes might smell like citrus fruits, and help elevate your mood. However, if you’re looking to relax, you would seek out CBD products that work with linalool, which are known to have lavender scents and can assist with sleep. Depending on what you’d like CBD to help you with will determine what profile you would use.

    Full Spectrum CBD

    This method keeps in most of the natural compounds, terpenes, and cannabinoids found in the hemp plant. Full spectrum CBD closely resembles the profile of the hemp plant in its natural form, meaning the THC that is present will never exceed 0.3% and is non-psychoactive. It encourages the entourage effect by utilizing cannabinoid and terpene combinations, allowing the compounds to mingle, while you reap the full gamut of wellness potential.

    Broad Spectrum CBD

    Right after full spectrum CBD you have broad spectrum CBD, which incorporates the compounds, terpenes, and other natural plant parts--but eliminates the THC. With this method, you might lose a little bit of original plant material along with the THC, but you’ll still get to take full advantage of the entourage effect. Nice.

    CBD Isolate

    The products that contain CBD isolate have literally isolated this cannabinoid, leaving nothing else. The terpenes, other cannabinoids, and plant material have been removed. There is no entourage effect with this extraction method, so you miss out on potentially beneficial combinations.

    Hemp Seed Oil

    Although derived from the hemp plant, this oil does not contain CBD and can be best utilized in moisturizers. Needless to say with no CBD, other cannabinoids, terpenes, or compounds, there is no entourage effect.

    A comparison chart between full spectrum CBD, broad spectrum CBD, and CBD Isolate.

    How Can You Take CBD? (Now That We’ve Piqued Your Interest)

    You’ll be happy to know there are a couple of ways you can take CBD

    Interested in experiencing the benefits of CBD for yourself? No matter why you want to bring CBD into your routine, the point is that you do! This cannabinoid has gradually made its way into the mainstream, and it is available in a variety of forms. Depending on what you use it for, there might be one method that you prefer over the other. There are also differences in the time it takes each form to take effect, as well as how long you can expect to experience the benefits for. 

    Popular ways to take CBD include:

    Icons showing all the different ways a person can consume CBD.  Shows sublingual, topicals, edibles, inhalation, and transdermal icons.

    Sublingual

    Sometimes the one of the easiest ways to take CBD might be the best way for you. Sublinguals are designed to do just what they say--be placed under the tongue. Also known as tinctures, they have traditionally been made with alcohol, but now you can also find them crafted with oil or glycerin as a base. If you want to feel the effects of CBD quickly, a sublingual is your best bet. Absorbed through the mucus membranes under your tongue, they enter the bloodstream rapidly.

    • Time it takes to feel the effects of CBD: 15-45 minutes
    • Effects of CBD last: 2-8 hours

    Topicals

    Many people enjoy the soothing benefits that CBD topicals can give them. After a strenuous workout, or just to relieve chronic joint or muscle aches, CBD topicals are a product type a lot of people use. Whether you use a lotion, salve, oil, bath bomb, or moisturizer, CBD topicals enter your bloodstream through your skin, where they can begin to help relax and soothe, exactly where you need it most.

    • Time it takes to feel the effects of CBD: 10-30 minutes
    • Effects of CBD last: 30 minutes

    Edibles

    You can find CBD edibles in the form of gummies, mints, beverages, and capsules. They’re a convenient way to get the benefits of CBD, but since they must first go through the digestive system, they might need more time to take effect. It’s always a good idea to start low and slow with edibles, since how fast you absorb them can depend on your metabolism and stomach contents. It’s best to wait the full 2 hours before consuming more. However, if you’re looking for long lasting benefits, edibles will be your go-to choice.

    • Time it takes to feel the effects of CBD: 30 minutes to 2 hours
    • Effects of CBD last: 2-8 hours

    Inhalation

    A good way to find your optimal dose of CBD is with a vape or by smoking--because you tend to feel the effects immediately. Vape pens will heat up the contents of the CBD cartridge in order to activate the compounds while you inhale.

    • Time it takes to feel the effects of CBD: Immediately
    • Effects of CBD last: 1-4 hours

    Transdermal

    If you’re looking for some serious long lasting effects of CBD, then transdermal patches might be your new best friend. These patches can be applied anywhere on your skin with veins, and over time will slowly release cannabinoids. After they’re absorbed through your skin, they’ll make their way into your bloodstream where you could feel the effects for as long as 12 hours. Now that earns it some serious wellness points!

    • Time it takes to feel the effects of CBD: 10-30  minutes
    • Effects of CBD last: 6-12 hours

    The time it takes for you to feel the CBD--as well as how long you’ll enjoy the effects--can vary depending on your product--and these times are just guidelines.

    CBD has a lot to offer, and can help sustain your mind and body for more than just a wellness experience--but nourishment for your lifestyle!